Authentication and Signatures


Electronic Documents in Ontario's Photoradar System(1995), 6 Journal of Motor Vehicle Law 277


Electronic Legal Records: Pretty Good Authentication?The Official Version: Authentication, Citation, Preservation of Electronic Records, Canadian Association of Law Librarians (March 1998)

Electronic Signatures: an Ontario Perspective(April 1999)

PKI in a (Small) Nutshell(November 1999)

The Authentication of Digital Legal Records(1999), 6 The EDI Law Review 47

Biometrics as an Electronic Signature(March 2000)

E-signatures and Encryption (slides) Abu Dhabi Chamber of Commerce (February 2001)

Canadian and American Electronic Signature LegislationDroit de l' Internet, Paris (November 2001)

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Authentication Rules and Electronic Records (November 2001)

Canadian Electronic Commerce Legislation(2002), 17 Can Banking & Fin.L.R. 277

Solving Legal Issues in Electronic Government: Authority and Authentication (2002), 1 Canadian Journal of Law and Technology No. 2 p. 1

Authentication of Legal Records (2002) 81 Can Bar Rev 529

Electronic Signatures in Law and Practice (slides) (October 2009)

Authentication and Trust - Some Preliminary Thoughts Technology column (August 2010)

Electronic Real Estate Transactions Technology column (May 2011)

The Apostille Convention: Authentication in Action Technology Column (June 2011)

Electronic Seals Technology column (October 2011)

Electronic Seals: the Public Sector Technology column (December 2011)

The Myth of Non-Repudiation Technology column (July 2012)


Keeping Up is Hard to Do: Current Issues in Electronic Government Public Sector Lawyers' Newsletter, Ontario Bar Association (February 2013)


Review Stephen Mason, Electronic Signatures in Law (3rd ed., 2012), Technology column (August 2013)

Must Electronic Signatures Be Reliable?(2013), 10 Digital Evidence and Electronic Signature Law Review 67


Legislating Trust (2014), 1 Cdn Journal of Law and Technology 1


Electronic Signatures and Election Registration: Case Comment on Getup Ltd v Electoral Commission (Australia) Technology Column (May 2014)


Authenticating Electronic Petitions Technology column (June 2015)


A Card Cannot be Electronic: Case Comment on R v. Alberta 2016 NBQB 154 Technology column (December 2016)


 "Verifiable" Electronic Signatures Technology column (March 2017)


Is a Docusign E-Signature an Original for the Purposes of a Court Rule? (April 2017)


Electronic Signatures Revisited (but Why?) Technology Column (January 2019) 


Identity Management and Trust Services at UNCITRAL Technology Column (March 2019) 


Does a Computer-generated Letter Need a Signature? (June 2020)


Mutual Recognition of Methods of Authentication Technology Column (May 2020)